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February 22 2011

Tooth Decay – Get A Symptom Diagnosis Online

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Tooth decay is brought about when bacteria,acid, food particles and saliva mix together and form plaque which sticks to the teeth. If this plaque is not taken off, it can develop into complicating conditions like a cavity, a tooth abscess, tartar, gingivitis, and even periodontitis. This post is written to offer a glimpse into the causes of tooth decay, the signs and symptoms and additionally how you and your dental professional can work to stop and/or treat this disorder.

Tooth Decay Causes And Symptoms

Tooth decay is a very common dental ailment and can occur at any age but is much more common in kids and young adults. It is triggered once regular bacteria of the mouth combines with acids, food particles and saliva resulting in plaque, a sticky substance that sticks to the tooth enamel.

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The acids in the plaque cause continual destruction of the enamel (outer layer of tooth) and dentin (layer under the enamel) with the development of a cavity being seen. The tooth may go on to decay till it includes the pulp (layer beneath the dentin that comprises the blood vessels and nerves), which can result in pain and cause the tooth to be destroyed and lost.

If the plaque is not removed it can mineralize into tartar and lead to irritation and inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and perhaps periodontitis, which is  the irritation and infection of the ligaments and bones which support the tooth.

Foods that contain carbohydrates such as sugar and starch put a particular person at higher risk for tooth decay.

Signs may include a darkish spot or noticeable hole on the tooth surface, and the tooth may be painful or sensitive to heat or cold.

Tooth Decay Diagnosis And Treatment

Observation of the aforementioned signs or symptoms may be noted and should be evaluated by a dental practice. Having said that, many cavities are discovered in the course of a normal dental examination. The examination may involve x-rays, that can discover cavities prior to when they are visible on the surface of the tooth.

Remedy begins with preventative measures, that incorporate good dental hygiene like normal brushing, flossing, and regular check-ups by a dental professional.  A dentist or medical provider may prescribe fluoride tablets to be used while the teeth are first developing in a young child. Every day intake of refined carbohydrates or sugars should be minimized since they encourage tooth decay.

If a cavity is found, the decayed structure is taken away from the tooth and replaced by a filling which is normally a material like silver alloy, gold, porcelain or composite resin.

A crown or “cap” may be utilized by a dental professional to deal with tooth decay if the damage to the tooth is extensive or there is only a small amount of the normal tooth structure present.

A root canal is employed if the nerve of the tooth dies. In this situation, the pulp and the decayed part of tooth are removed and replaced with a sealing material.