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February 04 2010

How Much Do You Know About Your Wisdom Teeth?

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Wisdom teeth are usually referred as the third set of molar teeth. They usually appear between the ages of 16 to 25 years. Mostly, adults have four wisdom teeth. To have more than four wisdom teeth is possible and they are called supernumerary teeth. Hypodontia occurs when there is fewer growth of wisdom teeth. In general, it is accepted before that wisdom teeth should not be disturbed until they gully emerge from the gum line. Today, this is no longer applicable. The dental professionals and the general public clearly understood the ongoing problems associated with erupted and impacted wisdom teeth. Most people are advised to deal with their wisdom teeth as early as possible and as soon as the roots are formed completely.


The risks associated with extracting wisdom teeth usually increase with age. More severe problems such as infection, swelling, pain or other medical conditions may occur before seeking any treatment. Ideally, it is better to have your wisdom teeth extracted before the age of thirty-five because there is a tendency of your teeth to fuse to the jawbone. During this time, the extraction can threaten the integrity of the jawbones.

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Modern X-ray images are used by dental specialists and oral surgeons to assess properly the situation before the initiation of corrective treatment. The underlying structures of the teeth will be clearly visible on an X-ray film. Any potential complications will be discussed to the patient after proper assessment.

What is the best age to have your wisdom teeth extracted?

It is best to have the wisdom teeth extracted before they are fully developed if there is no enough room in your mouth for the teeth to erupt in proper position. Some patients chose to have their wisdom teeth extracted as early age 13 or 14; some may be as late as 17 or 18 years of age. Undoubtedly, younger patients heal faster in a more predictable pattern and with fewer complications as compared to older patients.

Why is it necessary to extract wisdom teeth?

The disorders associated with the abnormal growth of wisdom teeth may cause a great deal of pain and suffering. Wisdom teeth can cause shifting of other teeth that will result in bite irregularity and other associated problems. This can result to inflamed gum tissue, sinus problems, and danger of infection. Whether you have any symptoms or not, the X-ray films will reveal if you have an ongoing infection or if your teeth failed to erupt through the gums.

Extensive surgical skill is required in extracting wisdom teeth especially for teeth that are unerupted. To meet the needs of the patient, it is important to see a qualified and competent dental professional or oral surgeon who has the proper equipment and training. Intravenous (IV) sedation is often recommended for this procedure especially for people who has phobia with dental procedures. Your Albuquerque sedation dentist will provide the sedation methods for a possible “no pain” dental experience. IV sedation method offers a very safe, predictable, pain free and memory free experience for patients having their wisdom teeth removed. Therefore, many patients choose to be sedated during their surgery. Many people will have all the required wisdom teeth extracted during a single visit.

After the extraction, it is normal for a patient to experience mild to moderate pain or discomfort. This resolves easily and the pain usually responds to pain medications. It is always best to follow the post operative instructions of your dentist to prevent the occurrence of possible complications.