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June 10 2010

Gum Disease Problems

What is gum disease?

Gum illness is definitely an infection with the tissues and bones that surround and support enamel. It can also be called periodontal disease.

The two stages of gum disease are known as gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis (say “jin-juh-VY-tus”) is moderate gum illness that impacts only the gums, the tissue that surrounds enamel. Periodontitis (say “pair-ee-oh-don-TY-tus”) is gum illness that will get worse and spreads beneath the gums to harm the tissues and bone that support the teeth.

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    * Gingivitis causes red, swollen gums that bleed easily when the teeth are brushed. Simply because gingivitis usually doesn’t cause discomfort, many people don’t get the treatment they need.

    * Periodontitis develops if gum illness will get worse. The gums pull away from the teeth, leaving deep pockets where germs known as bacteria can grow and damage the bone that supports enamel. Gums can also shrink back from enamel. This can make the teeth look longer. Teeth might become loose, fall out, or have to become pulled out by a dentist.

What brings about gum illness?

Your mouth continuously can make a clear, sticky substance called plaque that contains bacteria. The bacteria in plaque make poisons, or toxins, that irritate the gums and cause the gum tissues to break down. Should you don’t do a good job of removing plaque out of your teeth, it can spread below the gums and damage the bone that supports the teeth. With time, the plaque hardens into a element known as tartar that has to be eliminated by a dentist or dental hygienist.

You’re more likely to obtain gum disease if you:

    * Do not clean your the teeth well.

    * Smoke or chew tobacco.

    * Have someone in your family who has gum illness.

    * Possess a situation that can make it harder for your body to fight infection, such as:

          o Uncontrolled diabetes, AIDS, or leukemia.

          o A higher level of tension.

          o A poor diet that’s low in nutrients.

What are the symptoms?

It might be hard to tell for those who have a moderate situation of gum disease. Healthy gums are pink and firm, fit snugly close to enamel, and don’t bleed easily. But mild instances of gum illness (gingivitis) trigger:

    * Gums that are red, swollen, and tender.

    * Gums that bleed easily throughout brushing or flossing.

As gum disease gets even worse (periodontitis), the signs and symptoms are easier to determine, for example:

    * Gums that pull away or shrink from the teeth.

    * Bad breath that won’t go aside.

    * Pus coming from the gums.

    * A alter in how your the teeth fit together whenever you bite.

    * Loose teeth.

How is gum illness diagnosed?

To find out for those who have gum disease, your dentist will do an exam to appear for:

    * Bleeding gums.

    * Difficult buildups of plaque and tartar above and below the gums.

    * Places where your gums are pulling away or shrinking from your teeth.

    * Pockets which have grown among your the teeth and gums.

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