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August 04 2010

Millions of people’s teeth and gums are the victims of periodontal disease without them even being aware they have it; are you one of those unsuspecting millions? Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. It is caused by the plaque-forming bacteria in your mouth. You can remove a lot of plaque by regular brushing and flossing, but eliminating all of it is not possible outside a dentist’s office. The plaque which remains behind, even after you’ve cleaned your teeth thoroughly, solidifies into tartar. If tartar forms under your gum line, it can become irritated, infecting the gums which leads to gum disease. Visit this site for further information on gum disease treatment.

Fortunately, periodontal disease is a condition that can be prevented. The Pennsylvania Dental Association has long informed the public about the need to keep teeth and gums healthy. There are two stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease where inflammation develops in places where the bacteria lodges itself between the tooth and gum. It is within this initial phase that flossing and regular brushing can refute the condition altogether. The advanced stage of gum disease is called periodontitis, which develops when periodontal disease is ignored and worsens to the point of irreversibly damaging teeth, gums, and bone structure.

The tissue securing the teeth to the bone is attacked in periodontitis. This leads to exposure of the roots and an acceleration of decay, inflammation and recession of the gums. The outcome can be tooth loss. Smoking and/or other use of tobacco such as chewing, is one of a quite a few activities that can contribute to the development of periodontal disease. Other risk factors include diabetes, and other systemic diseases as well as the use of certain medications, including anti-epilepsy medications, steroids, calcium channel blockers, oral contraceptives, or cancer therapy drugs. Also, such factors as misaligned teeth, faulty fillings, mismatched bridges and pregnancy can have an impact on your health.

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A DDS and expert on the subject states that research has revealed those suffering from periodontal disease to be nearly two times as susceptible to developing heart disease. Clot formation can be increased when oral bacteria enter the blood stream and attach to fatty plaques in the heart’s blood vessels; this contributing cause is theorized by researchers of the gum disease and coronary artery disease connection. The following tips will help you maintain optimal dental health and prevent periodontal disease. Twice a day, make sure you brush and floss your teeth. A good brushing and flossing routine can help to rid your teeth of plaque and bits of food that are hiding just out of reach of your toothbrush. You will find that further information on gingivitis treatment is on that site.

Every coupls of months you should look into the purchase of a new brush for optimal performance. Using a fluoride toothpaste and antibacterial mouth rinse is another way to help keep tooth decay at bay. Choose to eat meals that are healthy and well balanced. Make sure to choose a variety of nutritious foods from the five main food groups of grain, dairy, fruits, meats, vegetables, and pultry. Even more important is visiting your dentist twice a year for your oral health checkups and a professional cleaning.

Now that you know what the symptoms of periodontal disease are, be sure and get in touch with your dentist if you notice any. Periodontal disease symptoms can include: red, swollen or tender gums; gums that bleed easily or are pulling away from the teeth; permanent teeth that are loose or separating; pus appearing between the teeth and gums when the gums are pressed; chronic bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth; changes in the fit of partial dentures; changes in the teeth alignment when you bite.